What We Know and Don’t Know About the Trump-Russia Dossier
How did American intelligence officials come to brief President Obama, President-elect Donald J. Trump and lawmakers about supposed Russian plans to try to blackmail Mr. Trump? There are far more questions than answers. But here is a look at the story so far.
美国情报官员怎么会向奥巴马总统、候任总统唐纳德·J·特朗普(Donald J. Trump)和议员汇报所谓俄罗斯试图要挟特朗普的计划？在这个事情上，问题远多于答案。下面就让我们来看一看迄今为止事情的发展。
What We Know
• Last year, a Washington political research firm, paid by Mr. Trump’s Republican rivals, hired a retired British intelligence officer to investigate the candidate’s ties to Russia.
• After it became clear that Mr. Trump would be the Republican nominee, Democratic clients began to pay the firm for this same “opposition research,” standard practice in politics.
• The former British spy, who had long experience in Russia and a network of connections there, compiled dozens of reports detailing what he heard from his contacts. The memos he wrote, mostly one to three pages long, are dated from June to December.
• The memos contain unsubstantiated claims that Russian officials tried to obtain influence over Mr. Trump by preparing to blackmail him with sex tapes and bribe him with business deals. They also claim that the Trump campaign met with Russian operatives to discuss the Russians’ hacking and their leaking of emails and documents from the Democratic National Committee and from Hillary Clinton’s campaign chairman, John D. Podesta.
• 备忘录包含未经证实的说法，称俄罗斯官员准备用性爱录像带要挟特朗普，并用商业交易贿赂他，试图对其施加影响。它们还声称特朗普的竞选团队曾与俄罗斯特工会面，讨论俄罗斯入侵并泄露民主党全国委员会(Democratic National Committee)和希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)的竞选主席约翰·D·波德斯塔(John D. Podesta)的电子邮件及文件事宜。
• The Washington firm and the former British spy, not identified here because of a confidential source agreement with The New York Times, gave the memos first to their clients but later to the F.B.I. and multiple journalists at The Times and elsewhere. The memos, totaling about 35 pages, also reached a number of members of Congress.
• Last week, when the F.B.I., C.I.A. and National Security Agency gave a classified report on the Russian hacking and leaking and efforts to influence the presidential election to Mr. Obama, Mr. Trump and congressional leaders, they attached a two-page summary of the unverified allegations in the memos.
• 上周，当联邦调查局、中央情报局(CIA)和国家安全局(National Security Agency)将一份有关俄罗斯侵入和泄露电子邮件和文件，以及为影响大选而展开其他活动的机密报告提交给奥巴马、特朗普和国会领袖时，他们附上了一份两页长的概要，概括了备忘录中未经证实的指控。
What We Don’t Know
• Whether any of the claims in the memos are true. American intelligence agencies have not confirmed them, and Mr. Trump has said they are a complete fabrication. In addition, one specific allegation — that Mr. Trump’s lawyer, Michael Cohen, met with a Russian official in Prague in August or September — has been denied by both Mr. Cohen, who says he has never been to Prague, and the Russian, Oleg Solodukhin.
• 备忘录中的说法是否属实？美国情报机构尚未证实，特朗普则称它们纯属捏造。此外，一项明确的指控称，在8月或9月，特朗普的律师迈克尔·科恩(Michael Cohen)和俄罗斯的一名官员在布拉格会面，但遭到了科恩和被提到的俄罗斯人奥列格·索洛杜欣(Oleg Solodukhin)的否认。科恩自称从未去过布拉格。
• Who concocted the information in the memos, if it is entirely false or partially so, and with what purpose. Did the British intelligence officer accurately report what he heard? Who gave him the information that, if false, amounts to a very sophisticated fabrication?
• What exactly prompted American intelligence officials to pass on a summary of the unvetted claims to Mr. Obama, Mr. Trump and Congress. Officials have said they felt the president-elect should be aware of the memos, which had circulated widely in Washington. But why put the summary in a report going to multiple people in Congress and the executive branch, virtually assuring it would be leaked?
• What will happen now. The F.B.I. has been investigating the claims in the memos, and Democrats are demanding a thorough inquiry into the reports that Trump representatives met with Russian officials during the campaign. But as of Jan. 20, Mr. Trump will be in charge of the bureau and the other intelligence agencies, and he may not approve such an investigation.