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更新时间:2017-11-20 18:36:21 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

Robert Mugabe Is Ousted From His Ruling Party in Zimbabwe

HARARE, Zimbabwe — Robert Mugabe, 93, who ruled Zimbabwe with an iron grip until the military placed him under house arrest last week, stunned the nation on Sunday night by refusing to say whether he would resign.

93岁的铁腕领导人罗伯特·穆加贝(Robert Mugabe)统治了津巴布韦数十载,直到上星期被军方软禁。周日晚,穆加贝拒绝透露是否将会辞职,震惊全国。

Many political observers and fellow Zimbabweans had been expecting Mr. Mugabe to step down as president after nearly 40 years in power. But the embattled president gave a 20-minute televised speech that acknowledged problems in the nation — and he vowed to soldier on.


“The era of victimization and arbitrary decisions” must end, Mr. Mugabe said while sitting at a table, flanked by members of the military and other officials, including a priest.


He also declared that he would preside over his governing party’s congress in a few weeks. “I will preside over its processes, which must not be prepossessed by any acts calculated to undermine it or to compromise the outcomes in the eyes of the public,” he said.


Observers questioned how Mr. Mugabe could oversee the congress if he was no longer leader of the party: His address came hours after he was expelled as leader of his party, ZANU-PF, which gave him until noon on Monday to resign or face impeachment by Parliament.


President Robert Mugabe’s own party voted to oust him as its leader on Sunday, a day after thousands of Zimbabweans took to the streets to celebrate his stunning fall from power after a military takeover.


The governing ZANU-PF party’s central committee, which held emergency talks at its headquarters in the capital, Harare, to consider the fate of the president who had ruled for 37 years, appointed the previously fired vice president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, as Mr. Mugabe’s successor.

执政党津巴布韦非洲民族联盟—爱国阵线中央委员会为决定穆加贝的命运,在位于首都哈拉雷的总部举行了紧急会议。委员会任命了之前被解雇的副总统艾默森·穆南加古瓦(Emmerson Mnangagwa)为穆加贝的继任。

Under the Constitution, Mr. Mugabe remains president, even if in name only. But if he does not resign by noon Monday, the committee members said, he would face impeachment by Parliament.


Cheers and dancing broke out in the building after the vote, according to video shared on social media.


Before the committee’s decision, Chris Mutsvangwa, a war veteran who has led the campaign to oust Mr. Mugabe, said as he went into the meeting, “We are going all the way,” according to Reuters.

据路透社报道,在该委员会做出决定之前,领导这场让穆加贝下台运动的、参加过抗英战争的老兵克里斯·穆茨万格瓦(Chris Mutsvangwa)在进入会场时表示,“我们将一直走到底。”

He said that Mr. Mugabe should just resign and leave the country: “He’s trying to bargain for a dignified exit but he should just smell the coffee.”


The central committee also expelled the president’s wife, Grace Mugabe, as head of the ZANU-PF Women’s League. Mrs. Mugabe, widely viewed as his likely successor, has not been seen in public since Wednesday.

中央委员会也撤销了总统夫人格蕾丝·穆加贝(Grace Mugabe)的非洲民族联盟-爱国阵线妇女联盟负责人的职务。穆加贝夫人曾被外界普遍认为是穆加贝的接班人,她自上周三起一直没有公开露过面。

On Sunday, she was barred from the party for life, along with several other government officials — including Jonathan Moyo, the minister of higher and tertiary education.

周日,她和包括高等教育部部长乔纳森·莫约(Jonathan Moyo)在内的其他几位政府官员也被永久开除党籍。

The downfall of the 93-year-old autocratic ruler began with a military takeover on Wednesday. Once respected as a liberation icon who went into exile after fighting colonial rule, Mr. Mugabe became isolated from fellow party officials.


Other veterans of the fight for independence from Britain joined the march on Saturday as Zimbabweans poured into the streets and danced, sang and shouted with joy at the prospect of Mr. Mugabe’s rule ending.


After voting to fire Mr. Mugabe as party leader, the party committee took up the matter of impeaching the president.


Innocent Gonese, the parliamentary chief whip from the Movement for Democratic Change — Tsvangirai party, told The A.P. that when Parliament resumed this week, the chamber would “definitely” put in motion a process to impeach Mr. Mugabe.

来自“争取民主变革运动”党(简称民革运)茨万吉拉伊派的议会首席组织秘书伊诺森特·戈奈斯(Innocent Gonese)在接受美联社采访时表示,议会本周复会时,“肯定”会启动弹劾穆加贝的程序。

A majority of the party’s leaders had recommended expelling Mr. Mugabe — a harsh rebuke of the man who had controlled the organization with an iron grip since the country gained independence in 1980.


Mr. Mugabe was also meeting on Sunday for a second round of talks with the army commander Constantino Chiwenga, who placed him under house arrest and said that the action was aimed at rounding up ZANU-PF officials implicated in economic crimes that have ravaged the economy of the southern African nation.

周日,穆加贝与国防军司令康斯坦丁诺·奇温加(Constantino Chiwenga)进行了第二轮会谈,奇温加已将穆加贝软禁起来,并表示军方行动是为了对执政党中涉嫌经济犯罪的官员采取控制措施,这种犯罪已摧毁了这个南部非洲国家的经济。

Mr. Mugabe, who has resisted stepping down, was seeking to negotiate a dignified departure, the Zimbabwe state-run broadcaster said.


A Catholic priest, Fidelis Mukonori, was mediating. Others on the negotiating team include the acting intelligence director, Aaron Nhepera, and the Mugabe spokesman George Charamba.

谈判由天主教神父菲德里斯·穆科诺里(Fidelis Mukonori)调停。参加谈判的其他人包括代理情报局长亚伦·奈佩拉(Aaron Nhepera)和穆加贝的发言人乔治·查拉姆巴(George Charamba)。

The youth league of Zimbabwe’s ruling party said Mr. Mugabe should resign and take a rest as an “elder statesman,” while his wife should be expelled from the party “forever,” The Associated Press reported.


The league leader, Yeukai Simbanegavi, praised the military on Sunday for moving against what she described as a group of “criminals” led by Mrs. Mugabe, The A.P. said.

美联社称,青年联盟领导人约卡伊·辛姆巴内戈维(Yeukai Simbanegavi)周日对军方的行动表示赞扬,说行动拿下了被她描述为以穆加贝夫人为首的一群“罪犯”。

“It is unfortunate that the president allowed her to usurp executive authority from him, thereby destroying both the party and the government,” she said.


Elections in Zimbabwe are scheduled for next year, but the political crisis will be on the agenda for a summit meeting in Angola on Tuesday of four countries in the southern African regional bloc: South Africa, which sent envoys to negotiate with Mr. Mugabe on a departure; and Angola, Tanzania and Zambia.