Back Story: Eisenstadt v. Baird
On this day in 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Eisenstadt v. Baird that it’s unconstitutional for a state to deny unmarried people access to contraception.
1972年的今天，美国最高法院对艾森施塔特诉贝尔德案(Eisenstadt v. Baird)做出裁决，认定一个州不让未婚人士获得避孕手段是违宪的。
The court had ruled in 1965 that state bans on contraceptives for married couples violated their privacy rights. But a few states still restricted access for single people.
Bill Baird, an activist, violated one such law in Massachusetts. He appealed his conviction to the Supreme Court, which struck down the law.
Justice William Brennan held that the law violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment because it discriminated between married and unmarried people.
威廉·布伦南大法官 (Justice William Brennan)认为，这条法律违反了第十四条修正案中的平等保护条款，因为它对已婚和未婚人士进行了区别对待。
The case became an important precedent in subsequent landmark rulings by the Supreme Court, including its 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade that recognized abortion rights, and, more recently, the 2015 decision guaranteeing a right to same-sex marriage.
在后续的最高法院标志性裁决中，这一案件成为了重要先例，包括最高法院在1973年认可堕胎权的罗诉韦德案(Roe v. Wade)，还有较为近期，2015年准许同性婚姻权的决定。
A movie about Mr. Baird’s case is in development.
Mr. Baird has continued working as an activist, but his legacy is complicated by what The Times described in 1993 as an “unapologetic zealotry” and a willingness to criticize “even his ideologic allies.” Planned Parenthood once called him an “embarrassment.”