When the pentagon first bid for the so-called jedi contract in March 2018, the stakes couldn't have been higher.
The joint enterprise defense infrastructure project will provide the military with a cloud computing system that can handle 3.4 million demanding users, many of whom depend on its functioning.
The defense department decided that rather than share the burden among several companies as strongly as oracle and IBM did, it decided it was a "winner-takes-all" contract. One project, one provider, $10bn (?7.6bn).
专家认为，这对亚马逊来说是一个“精美的礼物”。迄今为止，其Amazon Web Services(AWS)已经成为世界上最大的云平台，并托管了数百万客户的敏感数据。其中，中央情报局。
Experts say it's a "nice gift" for amazon. To date, its Amazon Web Services (AWS) has become the world's largest cloud platform and hosts sensitive data for millions of customers. Among them, the central intelligence agency.
国防数字服务部的蒂莫西·范·纳姆(Timothy Van Name)坚称：“我们没有最爱。” 甲骨文(数据库公司)的诉讼将使法院面临挑战，这将拖慢进度，但合同似乎定在杰夫·贝索斯(Jeff Bezos)的手里。
We don't have favorites, insists Timothy Van Name of the defense digital services department. The court challenge to oracle's lawsuit will slow things down, but the contract seems to be in the hands of Jeff Bezos.
Except, no. Unexpectedly, the defense department awarded the contract to Microsoft.
Now amazon is going head-to-head with the trump administration, arguing that the President himself unfairly interfered in the selection process because Jeff Bezos owns the Washington post.
Rule of the future
As of 2019, AWS generated $25 billion in sales, generating more revenue for amazon than all retail sales in North America.
In this case, a jedi contract (worth $10 billion over 10 years) would be a meaningful but not critical item on its balance sheet.
But what amazon is so incensed about is what the pentagon's decision might mean for similar future contracts. Just as the company hoped that its involvement with the cia would put it on a path to jedi status, the rest of America, which also needs modernisation, is expected to follow suit.
Dan Ives, an analyst at Wedbush, said he was confident amazon's protests would not lead to a reversal of the jedi's decision. That would give Microsoft, which now controls 17% of the cloud market, a chance to capitalize.
This is a game changer for Microsoft because it will have a ripple effect on the company's cloud business for years to come, and talk about [Microsoft] winning a new chapter at Microsoft, ives said in the note. Cloud v amazon ".
Spending on cloud computing is expected to exceed $1bn over the next decade, and an initial $10bn loss could prove prohibitively costly. A "fiasco", as Mr Ives puts it.
Jeff Bezos's problems began to surface in July, when President trump told reporters that he had heard "people" unhappy with the way the pentagon contracts had been handled.
Among them are oracle executives, who have been lobbying the President aggressively that the decision to award the jedi knight award to a company amounts to a "conspiracy" that would lead to a cloud monopoly that would put oracle in trouble.
The President said, "the contracts with the pentagon and amazon are a source of great complaint to me; They say it's not a competitive bid."
I'm going to ask them to watch the situation very carefully because there are very few of these complaints.
On August 1, it was announced that the decision on the jedi had been put on hold. The new defense secretary, Mark Esper, said he would review the process, though he was later removed after his son appeared to be working for a company that was then known as IBM. Eliminated).
On October 25, Jedi was granted to Microsoft. Amazon is angry. Last month, the company filed an appeal in federal court, the details of which were withheld by a judge this week.
亚马逊表示，五角大楼的决定不是通过对能力的公正评估，而是“总统唐纳德·J·特朗普施加不当压力的结果，唐纳德·J·特朗普发动了多次公开和幕后攻击，以将绝地合同从AWS上撤离，以损害他的权益。被视为政治敌人的人-Jeffrey P Bezos”。
Amazon said the pentagon's decision was not based on a fair assessment of capabilities, but on "undue pressure from President Donald j. trump, who launched numerous public and behind-the-scenes attacks to remove jedi contracts from AWS to the detriment of his interests." Seen as a political enemy -Jeffrey P Bezos ".
President trump has repeatedly made clear his distaste for amazon.
Before his election, he told campaign supporters he would give amazon "problems" and described the company as using "our postal system as their delivery man".
According to an April 2018 Vanity Fair report, Mr. Trump is now in the White House, ready to use his power to thwart amazon's growth. "Trump is like, how can I be with him?" the article quoted an unnamed source close to the administration as saying.
Mr Trump's distaste for Mr Bezos stems from Mr Bezos, the world's richest man, who owns the Washington post, a major thorn in the President's side. Though ownership is bezos's rather than amazon's personal investment, trump sees no difference, repeatedly referring to the revived paper as the "amazon Washington post."
特朗普在推文中称绝地合约为“贝索斯纾困”。他的儿子小唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump Jr)也发推文说，亚马逊正在从事“可能会回来咬他们”的“阴暗和潜在腐败行为”。
Trump called the jedi deal a "bezos bailout" in a tweet. His son, Donald Trump Jr., also tweeted that amazon was engaging in "shady and potentially corrupt practices" that "could come back to bite them."
The disruptions "undermine" the pentagon's ability to be impartial in its decision-making, amazon said in the filing.
These messages were sent when the defense department was evaluating jedi proposals, and it was almost impossible for those involved in jedi operations to ignore them.
The legal dispute will not slow the project down, according to the news agency AFP.
We will deal with amazon's legal action. I can't comment on that right now, Ellen Lord, deputy director of the defense department's bureau of procurement and maintenance, said on Tuesday.
But I'll tell you, we're moving forward under the jedi contract.