The 2018 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to campaigners against rape inwarfare Nadia Murad and Denis Mukwege.
2018年诺贝尔和平奖授予了"反对战争强奸"运动的活动家穆拉德(Nadia Murad)和穆克维格(Denis Mukwege).
Ms Murad is an Iraqi Yazidi who was tortured and raped by Islamic Statemilitants and later became the face of a campaign to free the Yazidi people.
Dr Mukwege is a Congolese gynaecologist who, along with his colleagues, hastreated tens of thousands of victims.
Some 331 individuals and organisations were nominated for the prestigiouspeace award this year.
The winners announced in the Norwegian capital Oslo on Friday won the awardfor their "efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war", BeritReiss-Andersen, the Nobel committee chair, said.
The pair both made a "crucial contribution to focusing attention on, andcombating, such war crimes," Ms Reiss-Andersen added.
Ms Murad, 25, endured three months as a sex slave at the hands of IslamicState (IS) militants. She was bought and sold several times and subjected tosexual and physical abuse during her captivity.
She became an activist for the Yazidi people after escaping IS in November2014, campaigning to help put an end to human trafficking and calling on theworld to take a tougher line on rape as a weapon of war.
Dr Mukwege, 63, has spent decades helping rape victims in the DemocraticRepublic of Congo.
He and his colleagues are said to have treated about 30,000 rape victims,developing great expertise in the treatment of serious injuries sustained duringsex assaults that were carried out as a weapon of war.