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2018诺贝尔和平奖:刚果医生和伊拉克少女获奖

  The 2018 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to campaigners against rape inwarfare Nadia Murad and Denis Mukwege.

  2018年诺贝尔和平奖授予了"反对战争强奸"运动的活动家穆拉德(Nadia Murad)和穆克维格(Denis Mukwege).

  Ms Murad is an Iraqi Yazidi who was tortured and raped by Islamic Statemilitants and later became the face of a campaign to free the Yazidi people.

  穆拉德女士是伊拉克雅兹迪族人,她曾经受到伊斯兰国武装分子的酷刑和强奸,后来成为解放雅兹迪人民的运动领袖.

  Dr Mukwege is a Congolese gynaecologist who, along with his colleagues, hastreated tens of thousands of victims.

  Mukwege博士是一名刚果妇科医生,他和他的同事一起治疗了数万名受害者.

  Some 331 individuals and organisations were nominated for the prestigiouspeace award this year.

  今年,约有331名个人和组织被提名诺贝尔和平奖.

  The winners announced in the Norwegian capital Oslo on Friday won the awardfor their "efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war", BeritReiss-Andersen, the Nobel committee chair, said.

纽约时报中英文网 www.qqenglish.com

  诺贝尔委员会主席Berit Reiss-Andersen表示,周五在挪威首都奥斯陆宣布的获奖者因"努力终止使用性暴力作为战争武器"而获奖.

  The pair both made a "crucial contribution to focusing attention on, andcombating, such war crimes," Ms Reiss-Andersen added.

  Reiss-Andersen女士补充道,这两人都为"关注和打击此类战争罪行做出了重要贡献".

  Ms Murad, 25, endured three months as a sex slave at the hands of IslamicState (IS) militants. She was bought and sold several times and subjected tosexual and physical abuse during her captivity.

纽约时报中英文网 http://www.qqenglish.com/

  25岁的穆拉德女士曾经落入伊斯兰国(IS)武装分子手中,做了三个月的性奴隶.在被囚禁期间,她被多次买卖并遭受性虐待和身体虐待.

  She became an activist for the Yazidi people after escaping IS in November2014, campaigning to help put an end to human trafficking and calling on theworld to take a tougher line on rape as a weapon of war.

  在2014年11月逃离后,她成为了为雅兹迪人维权的活动家,帮助制止人口贩运,并呼吁世界对强奸作为战争武器采取更强硬的立场.

  Dr Mukwege, 63, has spent decades helping rape victims in the DemocraticRepublic of Congo.

  现年63岁的穆克维格博士数十年来都在帮助刚果民主共和国的强奸受害者.

  He and his colleagues are said to have treated about 30,000 rape victims,developing great expertise in the treatment of serious injuries sustained duringsex assaults that were carried out as a weapon of war.

  据说,他和他的同事治疗了大约3万名强奸受害者,在治疗性侵犯期间遭受的严重伤害方面具有很强的专业知识,这些伤害被用作战争的一种武器.

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