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印度宣布计划在2020年将无人飞船降落在月球上

India has announced plans to land an unpiloted space vehicle on the moon in 2020.The plans mark a continuation of India's drive to expand its space program.

印度宣布计划在2020年将无人驾驶的宇宙飞船降落在月球上。这些计划标志着印度继续推进其太空计划。

The head of India's Space Research Organization,K.Sivan,made the announcement on January 1.

印度空间研究组织负责人K.Sivan于1月1日宣布了这一消息。

The planned mission,called Chandrayaan-3,aims to land an exploration vehicle on the moon's surface.Chandrayaan is the Sanskrit word for"moon vehicle."Sivan recently told reporters that mission planning had progressed"smoothly"so far.

计划中的任务称为“月船三号”,目的是在月球表面着陆一辆探测车。月船是梵语中的“月球车”一词。西万最近告诉记者,任务规划迄今进展“顺利”。

"We are targeting the launch for this year,but it may spill over to next year,"Sivan said.Indian sources told the French news agency AFP that officials had set November as a target launch date.

“我们的目标是今年推出,但可能会蔓延到明年,”西万说。印度消息人士告诉法新社记者,官方已将11月定为目标发射日期。

纽约时报中英文网 http://www.qqenglish.com



India is seeking to become only the fourth nation to land on the moon's surface—after Russia,the United States and China.Israel made an unsuccessful attempt to land a spacecraft on the moon last April.

印度正在寻求成为继俄罗斯、美国和中国之后第四个登上月球表面的国家。去年4月,以色列试图在月球上着陆,但没有成功。

India has worked to establish itself as a low-cost satellite launcher.It is seeking to become a world space power.However,the country's space program suffered a failed moon-landing attempt last September.That mission,Chandrayaan-2,ended with the lander spacecraft crashing on the moon's surface.

印度一直致力于将自己打造成一个低成本的卫星发射器。它正在寻求成为一个世界空间强国。然而,中国的太空计划在去年九月遭遇了一次失败的登月尝试。那次任务,月船2号,以登月飞船撞击月球表面而告终。

Chandrayaan-2 had aimed to land on the south pole of the moon,where no other lunar mission had gone before.The area is believed to contain water because it is largely unaffected by the high temperatures of the sun.
纽约时报中英文网 http://www.qqenglish.com/


月船二号的目标是在月球南极着陆,在那里以前没有其他的登月任务。这个地区被认为含有水,因为它在很大程度上不受太阳高温的影响。

Chandrayaan-3's explorer vehicle hopes to confirm the presence of water in the form of lunar ice,which it first discovered during a mission in 2008.

月船3号的探测车希望确认月球冰形式的水的存在,这是它在2008年的一次任务中首次发现的。

Sivan said the new unpiloted mission is expected to cost about$35 million,with additional launch costs.

西万说,新的无人驾驶任务预计将花费约3500万美元,并增加发射费用。

Sivan also announced that India had chosen four candidate astronauts to take part in the country's first planned piloted mission into orbit.That mission is set for late 2021 at the earliest.The four candidates are expected to start training in Russia later this month.Up to three astronauts are to take part in the flight.

西万还宣布,印度已经挑选了4名候选宇航员参加该国计划中的首次太空飞行任务。这个任务最早定在2021年底。这四名候选人预计将于本月晚些时候在俄罗斯开始训练。最多三名宇航员将参加这次飞行。

The piloted mission is one of India's main planned projects to mark the 75th anniversary of India's independence from British rule.

此次试飞任务是印度为纪念印度脱离英国统治75周年而计划的主要项目之一。
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