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关节炎逐渐年轻化,保护膝关节很重要

  10月12日是世界关节炎日。

  October 12 is world arthritis day.

  据统计,全世界有3.55亿人患有关节炎,其中1.9亿人患有骨关节炎,1650多万人患有类风湿性关节炎。

  According to statistics, 355 million people suffer from arthritis worldwide, of which 190 million suffer from osteoarthritis and more than 16.5 million suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.

  在亚洲,六分之一的人患有关节炎,这是头号致残疾病。

  Arthritis, the leading disabling disease, affects one in six people in Asia.

  关节炎逐渐年轻化

  有资料显示,关节炎在我国的总发病率约为13%,而且有年轻化的趋势。

  Data show that the total incidence of arthritis in China is about 13%, and there is a trend of younger.

  骨关节炎是日常生活中很常见的一种疾病,严重影响患者生活质量,膝关节是骨关节炎的好发部位之一,因此如何保护好膝关节的健康是每个人都非常关注的。

  Osteoarthritis is a very common disease in daily life, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients. The knee joint is one of the most common sites of osteoarthritis, so how to protect the health of the knee joint is everyone's concern.

  保护膝关节很重要

  保护膝关节不等于多休息少活动

  Protecting the knee does not mean more rest and less movement

  运动和久坐到底哪个更伤关节?

  Exercise and sit for long after all which is more harmful joint?

  最近,国外医学期刊《骨科与运动物理治疗杂志》的一篇文章告诉了我们答案。

  A recent article in the journal of orthopedics and sports physiotherapy, a foreign medical journal, tells us the answer.

  该研究表明,休闲跑步者的关节炎发生率仅为3.5%,竞技跑步者的关节炎发生率为13.3%,久坐不动人群的关节炎发生率为10.2%。

  The incidence of arthritis was just 3.5 percent among recreational runners, 13.3 percent among competitive runners and 10.2 percent among sedentary people, according to the study. 纽约时报中英文网 http://www.qqenglish.com

  上述研究结果说明,常坐以及过高强度的跑步都可能会引发关节问题,休闲跑步的人群中患病率最低。

  The findings suggest that frequent sitting and intense running can cause joint problems, with the lowest rates among people who run more leisurely.

  所以对于选用普通休闲跑步的老百姓来说,跑步运动是有利于关节健康的。

  So for the common people who choose ordinary leisure running, running is good for joint health.

  日常护关节三注意

  Daily care joint three attention

  南京市中西医结合医院骨科副主任医师王睿提醒,生活中保护关节要注意以下三个方面:

  Wang rui, deputy chief doctor of orthopaedic department of nanjing integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine hospital, reminds us that the following three aspects should be paid attention to in the protection of joints in life:

  劳逸结合,避免关节的过度使用。

  Combine work and rest to avoid excessive use of joints.

  长时间的站立、步行、上下楼梯、登山等活动都会过度使用膝关节。

  Long periods of standing, walking, walking up and down stairs, climbing mountains and other activities can result in excessive use of the knee joint.

  尤其是在登山活动中下山时,关节承受的压力是正常站立时的数倍。

  This is especially true in mountaineering, where the joints are under several times the pressure of normal standing. 纽约时报中英文网 http://www.qqenglish.com

  注意减肥,避免长期超重。

  Pay attention to losing weight and avoid long-term overweight.

  肥胖和体型粗壮的人体重大,势必增加关节负重,所以超重时需要控制饮食且适当运动锻炼以减轻体重。

  The human body of fat and build stout is big, be bound to increase articular weight-bearing, need to control diet and appropriate exercise to reduce weight when overweight so.

  注意保暖,避免寒凉之邪侵袭关节。

  Pay attention to keep warm, to avoid the cold evil invasion of the joints.

  中医认为,骨关节炎属“痹症”范畴,主要是由内虚复加外邪引起的。

  Chinese medicine believes that osteoarthritis belongs to the "arthralgia syndrome" category, mainly caused by the combination of internal vacuity and external evil.

  外邪,主要是指风、寒、湿等自然界气候变化因素。

  External evil, mainly refers to the wind, cold, wet and other natural climate change factors.

  秋凉时节如果不注意对关节的保暖和养护,风寒湿等邪气乘虚而入,引起骨关节炎。

  If the autumn cool season does not pay attention to the warmth and maintenance of the joints, the wind, cold and dampness and other evil, cause osteoarthritis.

  严重关节炎患者可选择手术治疗

  Surgical treatment is an option for patients with severe arthritis

  王睿提醒,如果关节炎的症状比较严重且符合手术指征,需要进行手术治疗。

  Wang rui reminds, if the symptoms of arthritis is more serious and meet the surgical indications, the need for surgical treatment.

  这些手术主要分为三类。

  There are three main types of operations.

  第一类是关节镜手术。

  The first is arthroscopic surgery.

  对于较年轻、诊断为膝关节游离体或半月板撕裂的患者可以选择此类手术。

  This type of surgery is an option for younger patients who have been diagnosed with a detached knee joint or meniscus tear.

  第二类是膝关节周围截骨术,适合膝关节力线不佳的单间室骨关节炎患者。

  The second kind is the knee joint around osteotomy, suitable for the knee joint force line is not good single - compartment osteoarthritis patients.

  第三类是关节置换手术,包括部分置换和全关节置换。

  The third type is joint replacement surgery, including partial replacement and total joint replacement.

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