October 12 is world arthritis day.
According to statistics, 355 million people suffer from arthritis worldwide, of which 190 million suffer from osteoarthritis and more than 16.5 million suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.
Arthritis, the leading disabling disease, affects one in six people in Asia.
Data show that the total incidence of arthritis in China is about 13%, and there is a trend of younger.
Osteoarthritis is a very common disease in daily life, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients. The knee joint is one of the most common sites of osteoarthritis, so how to protect the health of the knee joint is everyone's concern.
Protecting the knee does not mean more rest and less movement
Exercise and sit for long after all which is more harmful joint?
A recent article in the journal of orthopedics and sports physiotherapy, a foreign medical journal, tells us the answer.
The incidence of arthritis was just 3.5 percent among recreational runners, 13.3 percent among competitive runners and 10.2 percent among sedentary people, according to the study.
The findings suggest that frequent sitting and intense running can cause joint problems, with the lowest rates among people who run more leisurely.
So for the common people who choose ordinary leisure running, running is good for joint health.
Daily care joint three attention
Wang rui, deputy chief doctor of orthopaedic department of nanjing integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine hospital, reminds us that the following three aspects should be paid attention to in the protection of joints in life:
Combine work and rest to avoid excessive use of joints.
Long periods of standing, walking, walking up and down stairs, climbing mountains and other activities can result in excessive use of the knee joint.
This is especially true in mountaineering, where the joints are under several times the pressure of normal standing. 纽约时报中英文网 http://www.qqenglish.com
Pay attention to losing weight and avoid long-term overweight.
The human body of fat and build stout is big, be bound to increase articular weight-bearing, need to control diet and appropriate exercise to reduce weight when overweight so.
Pay attention to keep warm, to avoid the cold evil invasion of the joints.
Chinese medicine believes that osteoarthritis belongs to the "arthralgia syndrome" category, mainly caused by the combination of internal vacuity and external evil.
External evil, mainly refers to the wind, cold, wet and other natural climate change factors.
If the autumn cool season does not pay attention to the warmth and maintenance of the joints, the wind, cold and dampness and other evil, cause osteoarthritis.
Surgical treatment is an option for patients with severe arthritis
Wang rui reminds, if the symptoms of arthritis is more serious and meet the surgical indications, the need for surgical treatment.
There are three main types of operations.
The first is arthroscopic surgery.
This type of surgery is an option for younger patients who have been diagnosed with a detached knee joint or meniscus tear.
The second kind is the knee joint around osteotomy, suitable for the knee joint force line is not good single - compartment osteoarthritis patients.
The third type is joint replacement surgery, including partial replacement and total joint replacement.