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大学女生保护健康的八种方式

  The start of college means it's time for young women to take charge of their health.

  新学期开始意味着是时候年轻的女学生该对自己的健康负责啦。

  Dr.Aparna Sridhar,an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California,Los Angeles,offers several tips in a university news release.

  阿帕那斯瑞达博士,一位洛杉矶加利福尼亚大学妇产科学的助理教授,在校园新闻发布会上提出了一些建议。

  Know your health status.Talk to your parents and your doctor to make sure you're up-to-date with health screenings,shots and prescriptions.Ask about the status of allergies and other health issues.

  了解你的健康状况。与你的父母以及医生交流以确保你对你自己的健康状况检查,注射和用药都时刻清楚。咨询过敏以及其它有关健康的问题。

  Guard against HPV.Sridhar said college students should make sure they have been immunized for human papilloma virus(HPV),a sexually transmitted infection."It can cause cervical cancer but can be prevented by the HPV vaccination and screening with pap smears,"she said.

  警惕HPV病毒。大学生应该确保自己已经接种了人类HIV病毒,一种性传播感染病。她说:“它这种病毒可导致子宫颈癌,但可能透过HVP病毒疫苗注射及子宫颈抹片检查预防。”

  了解如何得到校内健康照顾

  Know how to get health care on campus.Find out the location of the closest health center that accepts your insurance.
纽约时报中英文网 http://www.qqenglish.com/


  了解如何得到校内健康照顾。找出能够帮助你医疗健康最近健康中心的位置。

  Keep track of menstrual cycles.Being aware of your cycle will allow you to provide specifics to doctors if there's an issue."When I ask my patients when their last period was,the first thing they do is open their cellphone.Many women are tracking their cycles through apps now,"Sridhar said.You might also want to track your mood,cramps and birth control use.

  记录月经周期。注意你的月经周期能让你在出现问题时向医生提供细节。“当我问我的病人上一次月经是什么时候时时候,他们做的第一件事是打开手机。”现在很多女性通过应用程序来记录月经周期。你也可以记录下你的情绪,抽筋和节育的使用情况。

  Protect yourself during sex.Consider condom use to guard against sexually transmitted diseases(STDs).Prevent unplanned pregnancies by using birth control and emergency contraception after unprotected sex.

  在两性期间保护好自己。考虑使用安全套来预防性病。在无保护的措施的性行为之后,通过节育和紧急避孕措施预防意外怀孕。

  不要忍受滥性或者性暴力

  Don't tolerate sexual abuse or violence.One in four undergraduate women is sexually assaulted on campus.Consult the campus website or your dorm's resident assistant for help reporting an assault.

  不要忍受滥性或者性暴力。四分之一的校园女学生遭受了性骚扰。查询校园网或者找宿管帮忙报告性骚扰。

  养成好的卫生习惯

  Follow good hygiene habits.Change sanitary protection as recommended.Use fragrance-free,pH-neutral soap in the vaginal area instead of scented soaps or shampoos.Avoid feminine sprays,douches or powders.

  养成好的卫生习惯。根据建议更换卫生防护。在应有的区域使用无香味、ph中性的肥皂,而不是有香味的肥皂或洗发水。避免女性喷雾剂、冲洗器或爽身粉。

  "Vaginal discharge is abnormal if you have itching,redness and pain,"Sridhar said."I recommend patients to see a doctor if they have discharge that is greenish-yellow,foamy or a bad smell."

  斯里达尔说:“如果你感到瘙痒、发红和疼痛,分泌物就会不正常。“如果病人的分泌物呈黄绿色、泡沫状或难闻,我建议他们去看医生。”

  Beware of urinary tract infections."Drink plenty of water to flush out your system and talk to your doctor if you have pain and frequent urination with burning,"Sridhar said."If neglected,these can lead to kidney infections."Always urinate after having sex.

  注意尿道感染。斯里达尔说:“喝足量的水来冲洗你的身体系统,如果感到疼痛以及伴有灼烧感的尿频,就和医生谈谈。”“如果这些问题被忽视,就会导致肾脏感染。”两性生活后要经常小便。
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