Cochrane, Chile -- an eagle hovers over a house atop a dry hill in a Patagonia park.
In the valley below, not far from the town of exam cochran, President Michelle Bachelet (Michelle Bachelet) announced in Chile to create a huge national park system, it from the capital, 715 miles south of San Diego del horno PiLun reaches down to cape horn and that is the southernmost tip of South America, Chile, where the split into many fjords and canal.
在下面的山谷里，离考科克伦镇不远的地方，米歇尔·巴切莱特(Michelle Bachelet )总统宣布在智利创立一个巨大的国家公园体系，它从首都圣地亚哥以南715英里的奥尔诺皮伦一直延伸至合恩角，那是南美洲的最南端，智利在那里分裂成许多峡湾与运河。
The park was the idea of Kristine McDivitt Tompkins and her husband. The founder of two clothing brands, North Face and Esprit, began buying vast tracts of Patagonia for $345 million, or most of his fortune, in 1991.
建这个公园是克里斯汀·麦克迪维特·汤普金斯(Kristine McDivitt Tompkins)和丈夫道格拉斯·汤普金斯(Kristine McDivitt Tompkins)的主意。后者是North Face和Esprit这两个服装品牌的创始人，他于1991开始，投入3.45亿美元（相当于他的大部分财富）购买了巴塔哥尼亚的大片土地。
As bachelet talked about the creation of the park, Ms. Tompkins looked up and gasped as the eagles circled over her house. Eagle, once her husband's radio calling name.
Mr Tompkins died in December 2015 at the age of 72 after a kayaking accident in Patagonia. A few months ago, by the couple's protection initiative umbrella group Tompkins Conservation foundation (Tompkins Conservation) to the Chilean government proposed a deal: as long as the Chilean government agreed to pay more land, and specify the new park to build a Patagonia national park system, they will protect and restore themselves to more than 100 acres of land to Chile.
汤普金斯先生因为在巴塔哥尼亚的一次皮划艇事故，于 2015年12月去世，终年72岁。数月前，由这对夫妻执掌的保护倡议伞形团体汤普金斯自然保护基金会(Tompkins Conservation)向智利政府提出一项交易：只要智利政府同意拿出更多的土地，并且指定新的公园以建立一个巴塔哥尼亚国家公园体系，他们就会将自己保护和恢复的100多万英亩土地捐给智利。
Bachelet's government eventually set aside nine million acres, more than the Tompkins had proposed, created five new national parks and expanded three more. The deal is a rare victory for conservation efforts in a region where mining, logging and agriculture are increasingly threatening ecosystems and forests.
It is a partnership, Ms. Tompkins said in an interview, "a real example of public-private partnerships for large-scale conservation and the creation of national parks."
The resulting Patagonia national park system covers 10 million acres, more than three times the size of Yosemite and Yellowstone combined. It has increased the size of Chile's public parks by nearly 40 percent and expanded protected areas for cougars, vultures, flamingos and endangered deer.
In April 2019, Tompkins donated the park to the national forestry service; One of the parks will be renamed after Mr. Tompkins.
The parks are "not only good for Chile, but good for the whole planet," Ms. Bachelet said in an interview. "It shows that you don't have to be a rich country to make these kinds of decisions. All it takes is will and courage."
Locals' reactions are somewhat ambivalent. Cochrane's mayor did not even attend the announcement in late January.
To get to the ceremony on that windy morning was a seven-hour drive from the nearest airport, in balmaseda, near the Argentine border.
Along the way, unpaved, wild roads cut through the looming peaks, flanked by turquoise rivers and a seemingly endless lake called general carrera.
The meadows dotted with alpacas (relatives of the camel) are gradually giving way to vast steppe and forest, while the deep blue waterways and magnificent snow mountains lie at the foot of the breathtaking ice sheet.
It's a great coincidence to be here today, said John rosenblum, the retired dean of the university of Virginia's business school, who was visiting the park with his son on the day of the announcement.
Mr. Tompkins traveled across Patagonia in 1961, when he was 18 and enjoyed adventure and rock climbing. Thirty years later, he bought his first piece of land there, a 42,000-acre raniway farm in the Los Angeles Lagos area, which he turned into an organic farm.
The couple married in 1993, after Ms. McDevitt had retired from Patagonia, the outdoor clothing brand she was chief executive of. They began "a vagabond life focused on conservation projects in Chile and Argentina."
The Tompkins teamed up with philanthropist Peter buckley to buy another 208,000 acres south of raniway farm, near the corcovado volcano. They also bought large tracts of land further south and northeast Argentina. They are currently donating the land to the Argentine government in four stages.
Over the years, they have been buying land from absent landowners and developing the more than 700,000 acres of pumalin park, which consists mainly of temperate rain forest and includes more than 1,000-year-old shandamous trees, relatives of the California redwood.
The valley is used for ecological agriculture, and the park is open to the public with luxury wooden cabins, campsites, hiking trails and other infrastructure.
Suddenly, the Tompkins were at the center of national security concerns.
Politicians and the military claim that the park, which straddles the narrow space between the Pacific Ocean and the Argentine border, splits the country in two and endangers national sovereignty.
Business leaders and landowners accuse Mr Tompkins of impeding the economy. Nationalists say he is secretly creating a zionist enclave in Patagonia.
The left is wary of an American businessman's land splurge. The Roman Catholic church opposes the Foundation for Deep Ecology, which Mr Tompkins founded in San Francisco in 1990, saying it tries to control population.
左翼政党对一个美国商人大肆购置土地十分警惕。罗马天主教会反对汤普金斯先生于1990年在旧金山创立的深层生态基金会(Foundation for Deep Ecology)，声称它试图进行人口控制。
Mr. Tompkins has also been vilified by conservative news media, questioned by congressional committees and threatened with deportation.
Then, in 2005, the Tompkins donated land to the Chilean government to create the park. That same year, the Chilean government designated pumalin a nature reserve.
At that time, the Tompkins conservation foundation bought another large piece of land, a 764,000-acre sheep farm in the chacabuco valley, and named it Patagonia park. Local farm operators and farmers oppose the purchase, saying their traditional livelihoods will be destroyed.
With the help of international donors and partners, the group has dismantled more than 400 miles of fences, removed 25,000 sheep, once again built upscale log cabins, camps, hiking trails and roads, and made plans to restore natural ecosystems and reintroduce wildlife to their natural habitats.
There's a haunting spirit about the vastness of Patagonia that really affects you, Ms. Tompkins said on the day of the announcement of the new park network. "There are few places that hold you and hold you as tightly as doug and I did."