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NBA教练执教过程中属于自己的执教哲学

  Each coach must develop his or her own philosophy, or philosophy, in the course of teaching. When you are interviewing for a coaching position, you will often be asked, "What is your coaching philosophy?" This article discusses some ideas related to this topic.
  每个教练必须在执教过程中逐步形成属于自己的执教哲学,或者理念体系。当你面试教练职位时,经常会被问到这样一个问题:“你的执教哲学是什么”,这篇文章讨论了与这个主题相关的一些思想。
  Be yourself
  做你自己

  It's very important that whatever your style of coaching, be yourself. I mean this especially in your temperament. If you are out-going, be out-going. If you are quiet, be quiet. If you are a screamer, scream (within reason). Don't try to be like some famous coach that you idolize. Certainly, there may be many excellent ideas and qualities that you can and should learn from successful coaches like Coach Wooden and others, but incorporate them into your own philosophy.
  不论你的执教风格是什么样的,做你自己,这是非常重要的。我的意思是特别是在你的气质类型方面。如果你是外向的,做外向的自己。如果你是是安静型的,做安静的自己。如果你是一个爱发飙的,爱吼叫的教练,继续保持(在合理范围内)。不要试着成为你崇拜的著名教练。当然,你可以从像伍登或者其他成功教练员身上学习到很多优秀的思想和品质,并且吸收到你的执教哲学里面。
  Whatever your style, be agreeable and, without compromising your principles, be someone that is easy to work with. As a coach, you have to interact and deal with a lot of people... players, administration, faculty, parents, assistants, opposing coaches and players, officials, fans, etc. We all like working with someone who is agreeable and easy to work with, and someone who follows the rules and is respectful of others.
  无论你的执教风格是什么样的,欣然接受,不要向你的原则妥协,成为一个便于相处的人。作为一个教练,你必须和很多人打交道并互相影响……..球员、管理者、教员、球员父母、助理教练、对方球队的教练和球员、官方、球迷等等。我们都喜欢和志同道合的、容易相处的、遵守规则的、尊重他人的人一起 工作处事。
  Your teaching style
  执教风格

  Coaching basketball is teaching... teaching not only fundamentals, how to play the game, and team skills, etc., but also life skills. Be well-prepared for practices and games. Encourage players. Be positive. Whatever your style, have a passion for the game. If you are enthusiastic and upbeat, this will spill over to your players and everyone around you. Value all the players on the team. Make the 15th player on the squad feel as important the your star player. This is all very important in developing your team spirit and chemistry.
  执教篮球是教学...教学不仅仅是教基本知识,怎么打比赛、团队技能等等,而且还有生活技能,充分准备训练和比赛,鼓励球员保持积极的态度。无论你的执教风格是哪种风格,始终要保持对比赛的激情。如果你充满热情并且报着积极乐观的心态,这种情绪就会感染你的球员和你身边的人。重视团队中的所有球员。让球队中的第十五名球员和你的明星球员一样重要。这对于培养团队精神和团队化学反应都是非常重要的。
  Be organized
  学会组织

  You are the leader and must be organized. A disorganized coach imparts this disorganization and a sub-standard approach to the entire program. If you are not organized, others (including players) will not take you and your program seriously. Everything must be organized... your practices, game routines, schedules, year-end banquet, team camps... essentially your entire program.
  你是领导者就必须学会组织。一个缺乏组织能力的教练会给整个计划带来混乱和一种不合标准的方法。如果你没有组织,其他人(包括球员)不会认真对待你和你的计划。一切都必须组织起来……你的训练,比赛日常工作,时间表,年终宴会,团队营地……基本上是你的整个计划。
  When parents expect practice to be over at a certain time, end it then, not 20 minutes later. Start practices on time. If you must be late, make prior arrangements with your assistants.
  当父母期望练习在某一特定的时刻结束时,那就结束,而不是20分钟以后。准时开始练习。如果你一定要迟到,事先和你的助手进行安排。
  Be open, learn from others
  开放、谦虚,向他人学习

  All great coaches have learned what they know from other coaches and players. Don't take the attitude that you have all the answers and are the greatest coach to ever walk the earth. Be humble and eager to learn from others. This is how you become a better coach. Like players, coaches should "be coachable".
  所有伟大的教练都从其他教练和球员那里学到了他们所知道的知识。不要抱着你拥有所有答案的态度,并且是这个世界上最伟大的教练。保持学习的渴望、虚心向人学习。这就是你如何成为一名更好的教练的最好办法。像运动员一样,教练员应该“被执教”。
  Attend coaching clinics and camps. There are numerous videotapes and DVD's, covering every aspect of the game, that you can study. Go to games. Watch games on televison. Read basketball books. Assistants should try to learn everything they can from the head coach, as this is a great learning opportunity.
  参加教练员研习班和培训营。有无数的录像带和DVD的,涵盖各个方面的教学和比赛,你可以学习。去比赛。在电视上看比赛。读篮球书籍。助教应该尽力从主教练那里学到一切,因为这是一个很好的学习机会。
  Impact young people
  对年轻人以身示范

  You are not their parent, but you are in a position to be a real positive, important person in the lives of each of your players... never lose site of this. Teach by your example and how you treat others. Be a person of integrity. Players are looking for your guidance, your belief and trust in them, and your discipline. Be their mentor more so than their friend (although you will develop strong friendships with most).
  你不是他们的父母,但你可以在每个球员的生活中成为一个真正积极、重要的人……永远不要忘记这一点。躬身示范如何待人接物。做一个正直的人。球员们在寻找你的指导,你的信仰和对他们的信任,以及你的纪律。做他们的导师比他们的朋友更重要(尽管你会和大多数人建立牢固的友谊)。
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  Treat all players with respect and make them all feel important as individuals and members of the team. Have fun with them, but be sensitive to their needs. Help develop character, not "characters". Help young people to develop priorities... spiritual > family > school > basketball.
  尊重所有的球员,让他们作为团队的成员和个人感到重要。和他们玩得开心,但要注意他们的需要。帮助发展性格,而不是性格。帮助年轻人,发展重点……精神&家庭&学校&篮球。
  The coach-player relationship is a vital cornerstone to successful coaching.
  教练与球员的关系是成功教练的重要基石。

  Communicate with your players as a group and one-on-one, and maintain an "open door" policy. Before the season starts, meet with each player individually about goals, expectations, etc. Have occasional team meetings to discuss "issues". Ask players for their input at halftime.
  与你的球员进行小组沟通或者一对一沟通,并保持“敞开大门”政策。在赛季开始前,与每一位球员单独讨论目标、期望等。偶尔召开团队会议讨论“问题”。在中场休息时征求球员的建议。
  About yelling at players... you never want to embarrass a player during a game in front of his parents, friends, the fans, etc. In practice, behind closed doors, it is your classroom. I personally believe coaches can yell at players in practice, not to belittle them, but to get them to compete harder.
  关于对球员大喊大叫……你永远不想让一个球员在他父母、朋友、球迷面前的比赛中感到尴尬。在训练中,关起门,那是你的教室。我个人认为教练可以在训练中对球员大喊大叫,而不是贬低他们,而是让他们更加努力地竞争。
  Sometimes kids need verbal motivation. We tell our players from time to time that if a coach yells at you in practice, it's not because he dislikes you, but because he thinks you have the potential to be a better player. He yells at you because he loves you. And if you never get yelled at, you might start worrying that coach is less interested in you.
  有时孩子需要言语方面的鞭策。我们经常告诉我们的球员,如果教练在训练中对你大喊大叫,那并不是因为他不喜欢你,而是因为他认为你有潜力成为一个更好的球员。他对你大喊大叫,因为他爱你。如果你从来没有被骂过,你可能开始担心教练对你不那么在乎了。
  Set rules and maintain discipline
  设立纪律,坚持执行

  But don't have too many rules that you will later regret. Kids will violate the rules... they always have and always will! Be prepared to handle these things in a fair manner. But don't paint yourself into a corner by being overly inflexible.
  立规矩但是不要有太多的规则,要不以后你会后悔的。孩子们会违反规则……他们总是违反,而且总是将会违反!准备好以公平的方式处理这些事情。但是不要因为过于死板而把自己逼到死角里。
  Don't make a hasty decision or comment... first find out all of the details of what happened, the school's policy, and get the advice of your athletic director before making a decision. Think also what long-term impact your decision will have on the individual(s), the team, your program, the school, and the community.
  不要草率作出决定或评论……首先找出事件发生所有的细节,学校的校规,并听取你的体育主管的意见,然后再作出决定。想想你的决定会对个人、团队、计划、学校和社区产生什么样的长期影响。
  Discipline also means doing the right thing and doing everything for the betterment of the team. In practice, this means doing every drill the right way, every time.
  纪律也意味着做正确的事,为团队的改善做一切事情。在实践中,这意味着无论何时每一次练习都要以正确的方式进行。
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